indica News Bureau-
The population of people of Indian origin jumped by 40 percent during a seven-year period of 2010 and 2017, a South Asian advocacy group has said in its latest demographic snapshot.
In general, the population of American residents tracing their roots to South Asia grew by 40 percent, SAALT or South Asian Americans Leading Together said in its report. In real terms it increased from 3.5 million in 2010 to 5.4 million in 2017.
The Nepali community grew by 206.6 percent since 2010, followed by Indian (38 percent), Bhutanese (38 percent), Pakistani (33 percent), Bangladeshi (26 percent), and Sri Lankan populations (15 percent).
“There are at least 630,000 Indians who are undocumented, a 72 percent increase since 2010,” SAALT said in its report. The increase in illegal Indian Americans SAALT said can be attributed to Indian immigrants overstaying visas. Nearly 250,000 Indians overstayed their visa in 2016 therefore becoming undocumented, it said.
There are currently at least 4,300 active South Asian DACA recipients. As of August 2018, there are approximately 2,550 active Indian DACA recipients. Only 13 percent of the overall 20,000 DACA eligible Indians have applied and received DACA.
SAALT said there are 1,300 active Pakistani DACA recipients, 470 Bangladeshi recipients, 120 Sri Lankan recipients, and 60 Nepali recipients. The immigrant population density of the country shows that undocumented Bangladeshi immigrants live in New York (19,000); Michigan (4,000); Virginia (3,000); and California (2,000).
The demographic snapshot is based primarily on Census 2010 and the 2017 American Community Survey. According to the report, income inequality has been reported to be the greatest among Asian Americans. Nearly 1 percent of the approximately five million South Asians in the US live in poverty.
SAALT said there has been a rise in the number of South Asians seeking asylum in the US over the last 10 years.
ICE has detained 3,013 South Asians since 2017. US Customs and Border Patrol arrested 17,119 South Asians between October 2014 and April 2018 through border and interior enforcement, it said.
According to SAALT, since 1997, more than 1.7 million dependent spouses of H-1B visa holders have received H-4 visas. In 2017, 136,000 individuals received H-4 status. Nearly 86 percent of H-4 visa holders are from South Asian countries. In 2015, DHS granted work authorization to certain H-4 visa holders. As of December 2017, approximately 127,000 visa holders were approved for H-4 EAD, the report said.
Nearly 472,000 or 10 percent of the approximately five million South Asians in the US live in poverty, the report said. Among South Asian Americans, Pakistanis (15.8 percent), Nepalis (23.9 percent), Bangladeshis (24.2 percent), and Bhutanese (33.3 percent) had the highest poverty rates, it said.
Bangladeshi and Nepali communities have the lowest median household incomes out of all Asian American groups, earning $49,800 and $43,500 respectively, it said. Nearly 61 percent of non-citizen Bangladeshi American families receive public benefits for at least one of the four federal programs including TANF, SSI, SNAP, and Medicaid/CHIP, 48 percent of non-citizen Pakistani families and 11 percent of non-citizen Indian families also receive public benefits, the report said.
In the lead up to the 2020 elections, South Asians are becoming an increasingly powerful segment of the American electorate, SAALT said. According to the Current Population Survey (CPS), 49.9% of voting-age, Asian American citizens cast a ballot in 2016. The number of Asian American voters in the last decade has nearly doubled from about two million voters in 2001 to 5 million voters in 2016.
Of these Indians account for more than 1.5 million, followed by Pakistanis (222,252) and Bangladeshi (69,825), SAALT said.