Justice Markandey Katju-
In his article ‘China and India are super-populations–They have to be super responsible’ published in thewire.in Victor Gao, Professor of Soochow University, and Vice President of Centre for China and Globalisation, has indulged in superficial verbosity and hot air.
He writes, “The two countries need to be more keenly aware of their responsibilities to the world, and stand firmly together in opposing conflicts, and promoting peace and development.”
Prof. Gao further writes that both China and India are ancient civilizations, and for millennia were the richest in the world, but were later impoverished by colonialism. He states that China and India are the only two countries in the world having a population of over 1 billion each, and with super populations comes super responsibilities.
With respect to Prof. Gao, he has stated superficial inanity and blah-blah, revealing his lack of understanding of realities.
As stated in my 3 articles ‘Modi must guard against China’s kiss of death while meeting Xi’, ‘The Chinese are today’s Nazis’, and ‘Modi has emulated Churchill by criticizing Chinese expansionism’ published in theweek.in, to understand politics one must see the economic forces behind it., because politics is concentrated economics.
China may have been socialist at one time, but today it is not. It is imperialist, and with its huge industrial base and 3.2 trillion dollars foreign exchange reserve is hungrily seeking markets, raw materials, and avenues for profitable investment, like an imperialist power.
As mentioned in the above articles, there are two kinds of imperialisms, expanding imperialism and defensive imperialism. The former, being aggressive, is much more dangerous than the latter. For example, in the 1930s and early 1940s Hitler’s imperialism was expanding imperialism, whereas British and French imperialism were defensive imperialism. While the latter only wanted to hold on to their colonies, the former wanted to conquer and enslave other countries. So Hitler’s imperialism was the real danger to world peace.
Today Chinese imperialism is expanding imperialism and is, therefore, the greatest danger to world peace. It has penetrated the economies of Asia, Africa and Latin America, apart from the developed countries. Mountainous areas like Tibet and Ladakh, like Siberia, may appear barren, but like Siberia they are full of valuable minerals and other natural wealth, which the Chinese greedily covet as raw materials for their growing massive industry. This is the real reason for the recent Chinese intrusion across the LAC in Ladakh into Galwan Valley, Pangong Tso, Demchok, Five Fingers etc.
In the recent talks between the Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi the two sides agreed on disengagement and de-escalation, but this can only be temporary. The Chinese are bound to intrude again into further areas in Ladakh in the future in their insatiable lust for more raw materials for their industries. In fact, that is why they have always refused to delineate the LAC on a map.
One must understand that politics is concentrated economics, and there are certain iron laws of economics that operate independently of any individual’s will. It is in the nature of capital that it seeks avenues for profitable investment. The Chinese have built up a massive industrial base and amassed about 3.2 trillion dollars foreign exchange reserve, which is a huge amount of hot money hungrily seeking avenues for investment, markets and raw materials. In other words, China is a huge aggressive expanding imperialism, and independent of the will of its leaders like President Xi or Foreign Minister Wang it must aggressively keep expanding.
So all the talk of peace by Prof Gao is empty rhetoric and verbiage. Hitler too often spoke of peace while pursuing his path of conquest.
[Justice Markandey Katju is former Judge, Supreme Court of India, and former Chairman, Press Council of India. The views expressed are his own].