In 1872, Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States of America was racing a two-horse buggy against his friends on the streets of Washington, DC. DC Police Officer William West, a Black Union Army veteran, caught him speeding, the second time in two days. Officer West stuck out his hand asking President Grant to stop, which he did. Grant drove West to the police station in his own carriage, where an arrest was processed. Members of the racing party were made to put up bail of USD 20 a head, about USD 430 today, and released; Grant walked back to the White House.